Ankle fractures are one of the most common lower limbs fractures. This includes the fracture of one or more of the bones that make the ankle joint. There may be ligament injuries along with fractures. The higher the number of fractured bones or the ligament injury, the more unstable the fracture.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Symptoms of ankle fractures include pain, swelling, and inability to weigh, and fractures can be diagnosed using simple radiography.
The purpose of fracture treatment is to restore the normal shape of the ankle. If we cannot restore the anatomy and normal shape of the ankle, the ankle cartilage is rapidly destroyed and the ankle develops arthritis and deformity, which can cause serious pain and disability to the patient.
Treatment of ankle fractures varies depending on the location of the fracture, the number of fractures, the displacement of fractures, the degree of instability of the fractures and some other factors. The following are treatments for a variety of ankle fractures.
For the treatment of external ankle fractures, the ankle is usually immobilized by a splint or cast for six weeks. During this time, it is best for the patients to avoid putting weight on their feet. Moreover, the treating physician will also repeatedly photograph the ankle to make sure no other displacement of fractures exist. Surgery should be considered for treatment if the fractured parts are displaced or the ankle joint is unstable. Medical screws and plates or only screws or pins are used to fix fractured bones in this area.